Kee Hwang, Moo Duk Kwan® Founder, Part 1

Kee Hwang, Moo Duk Kwan® Founder, Part 1 (1914-1949) in a series of timelines about his life and the history of his Moo Duk Kwan® martial art school.  Click on the hyperlinks to see historic photos in the history of the Moo Duk Kwan®

This historical project would not have been possible without the guidance and historical input of Kwan Jang Nim H.C. Hwang.

Written by Steven Lemner (Dan Bon 23703)

Proof reading and historical input by Kwan Jang Nim H.C. Hwang (Dan Bon 509)

Proof reading and historical input by Frank Bonsignore, Sa Bom Nim (Dan Bon 15805 )

Layout ,web design and proof reading by  Master Roberto Bonefont Sr. (Dan Bon  13927 )

Layout and web design by Phil Duncan, Sa Bom Nim (Dan Bon 20631   )

Photo review and watermarking by Rich Ahlers, Kyo Sa Nim (Dan Bon   45476   )

Thanks to the many members both current and past for sharing the many photographs and data

of the Moo Duk Kwan's founder Hwang Kee and Kwan Jang Nim H.C. Hwang's history.

Kwan Jang Nim Hwang Kee

Hwang Kee Moo Duk Kwan® Martial Art School Founder and

Soo Bahk Do® (Tang Soo Do) martial art system creator

  Moo_Duk_Kwan_Fist_Old_Style_v1b Before the Moo Duk Kwan®

  • 1862 June 13th: Hwang Kees' father born Hwang Yong Hwan, Educated in Chinese Classics and History. He attended the Law Academy and held the title of Hoon Mun Gwan (Extensive Literary Scholar) He also held the position of Government Secretary.


Narration by H.C. Hwang, Kwan Jang Nim: Kwan Jang Nim's Father, Hwan Yong Hwang at age of 76, the caligraphy in background is his personal work.

  • Born: November 9, 1914 in Jang Dan, Kyong Ki province. Named Tae Nam (Star Boy) by his father, youngest of three children. One brother 20 years older, and one sister
  • 1914 May 13th: the future Mrs. Hwang Kee was born ( Cho Kyung Kap)
  • 1919: Hwang Kee's mother passes away
  • 1921:Exposed to Tae Kyun, Sip Pal Ki at a (Dan Oh festival) (7 yrs old)
Video thumbnail for youtube video Significant Timelines of Kee Hwang, Founder of the Moo Duk Kwan - Moo Duk Kwan History
Video Slide courtesy of YouTube
  • 1925: Started Elementary school, Hwang Kee as a Teenager
  • 1928 April: Married Cho Kyung Kap (though an arranged marriage, typical of the time and culture) They had five children; two boys and three girls. Hwang Hyun Chul was the first son.
Hwang Family
Hwang Family

A Moment with the family with the Kwan Jang Nim. First row, from the left, Hwang Kee, Kwan Jang Nim, Mrs. Hwang Kee, and his older sister, the back row, from left, 3rd daughter, 1st daughter, 2nd daughter, his nephew and his son, photo taken in 1967.  (H.C. Hwang, Kwan Jang Nim, narrating)

mdk before korean war
Founder executes a Yup Podo Chagi using the huri which was very unique during this time 1945-1947 before the Korean War.
  • 1936- 1945: Begins work for the Railway Company, Cho Sun Railway Bureau, Jo Yang Chun Station
  • 1937: Returned to Seoul
  • 1941: Returned to Manchuria, China, to visit and train with Master Yang.

Hwa_Soo_Do_Kyo_Bon_Book_Cover_And_Page (4)

  • 1945: August 15th, World War II ends
  • 1946: China become a Communist country. Hwang Kee is unable to communicate or visit Master Yang
  • November 9th, 1945: Founded the Moo Duk Kwan School and established first Hwa Soo Do class in the Ministry of Transportation, Yong San Ku, Seoul Korea
  • 1947 March 4th: H. C. Hwang (Jin Mun Hwang) Born Seoul, Korea, (the oldest child)
  • 1947 March: Attempted to unify the five major existing styles in Korea: A) Moo Duk Kwan B) Chung Do Kwan C) Yeun Moo Kwan D) Song Moo Kwan E) YMCA Kwon Bup Bu
  • 1947: Presided as chairman at the first Hwa Soo Do demonstration in the Transportation High School Gymnasium
  • 1947 May 7th: Established the first Regional branch Tang Soo Do school in Dae Jun City, Choong-Nam Province. Sam Hyun Nam (#4) was appointed as an Instructor

Moo Duk Kwan Prime Time 2

  • 1947, June 5th: Established Hwa Soo Do (Tang Soo Do) school in the Department of Railways.
  • 1947, July 7th: Established Hwa Soo Do (Tang Soo Do) school in the Labor Department
  • 1948: Arrested and tortured for the first time, in an unsuccessful attempt to force him to confess that he was a left-wing Communist sympathizer. After several days of torture and imprisonment he was released. (This event was precipitated by flyers, that were found on the floor where he taught that supported Communist activities and North Korean political policy. This was believed to be an attempt by a competitor to discredit him and his growing success and visibility of his martial arts organization)
  • 1949, May 30th: Authored the first Hwa Soo Do Kyo Bohn textbook in Korea

Moo Duk Kwan before the Korean war 3

Hwa_Soo_Do_Kyo_Bon_Book_Cover_And_Page (1)

  • 1949 October 19th: 3rd Hwa Soo Do demonstration at Transportation Technical High School

Early Moo Duk Kwan Demonstration

Narration by H.C. Hwang, Kwan Jang Nim: Demonstration given by Hwang Kee Kwan Jang Nim,  on Oct 19, 1949. slide0012_image036

Narration of photo provided by H.C. Hwang Kwan Jang Nim: The photo taken with Moo Duk Kwan Students from the National Police Academy after Beach Training during 1958.


Early footage of Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan training video originally filmed by Jae Joon Kim for use in the USA, around the mid 1960s.   Video footage courtesy of YOUTUBE 

Video below features a young H.C. Hwang Kwan Jang Nim free sparring.

The Founder conducting Sa Bom Class at the Yong San Do jang during 1954.

Narration by H.C. Hwang, Kwan Jang Nim: Dan Class conducted by Hwang Kee, Kwan Jang Nim, at the Yong San Do Jang in Seoul, in 1954, the Kwan Jang Nim is at the center front.

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